When you don’t plan to breed your dog, it should be spay and neuter. Doing so can prolong the life of your dog and reduces the risk of certain diseases and infections.
Benefits of spay and neuter
Accidental pregnancy is avoided and this reduces the potential burden on local shelters that are forced to euthanize millions of unwanted and unplanned animals each year.
The risk of developing breast cancer is virtually eliminated when you spay your female dog before her first heat. But, will be useless if you spay her after her fourth heat as it doesn’t provide any protection anymore.
Pyometron, a potentially fatal uterine infection, where the uterus is filled with fuss making the dog seriously ill, has a high chance of developing on female dogs that has many heat periods. She must be spayed urgently, but due to her illness, there are more risks associated with a general anesthesia.Neutering male dogs completely eliminates the risk of testicular cancer. Click To Tweet
Spaying and neutering your dog makes him/ her less aggressive, and less likely to roam or get into confrontation with other dogs when they are outdoor. Neutering male dogs while still young are less like to urinate on every upright object to mark their territory.
Best spay and neuter age
Most veterinarians prefer to sterilized dogs when they are around six month old, but it can be done from as young as eight weeks. This is done under anesthesia and using sterile equipment, they may stay overnight after operation to completely recover from anesthetic and to make sure they don’t pull at their sutures.
Spay and neuter difference
Spaying a female involves removing the uterus and the ovaries, so after they are spayed, the female will no longer produce eggs or have heat periods. The procedure is more involved than neutering a male, and requires a recovery period after the abdominal surgery where the dog must remain quiet.
Neutering a male dog involves removing both testicles, and needs a shorter recovery time since there is no abdominal surgery involved. A silicone implant, Neuticles, can be implanted after surgery to make the male dog looks like he has testicle, this is ideal for those people who care for the sight of a neutered male.
One of my Siberian husky, Uno, have testicles that haven’t descended into the scrotum, I have them removed as they can become cancerous later in life.
The veterinarian will have to look inside the abdomen to find these testicles, so recovery is longer, as with a female dog spay.
Risk and Complications of spay and neuter
Some risk and complications from spaying and neutering are;
• Adverse reactions to suture material and anesthesia
• Some incisions are slow to heal properly
• Sterilization may alters a dog’s appearance by slowing the closure of the growth areas of the legs. Dogs who are neutered as youngsters tend to be taller and leggier than their entire counterparts.
• Hormone changes in spayed and neutered dogs can contribute to a slower metabolism and weight gain in some cases. The owners need to watch closely the food intake of their neutered dog, and make sure they get plenty of exercise, to keep their waistline trim.
Jam Rasmusen of Truth4Dogs also mention some health problems associated with spaying and neutering;
“Behavioural studies show that sterilization increases fearfulness, noise phobias and aggression. Other well-documented adverse health effects of de-sexing include increased risk of bone cancer, haemangiosarcoma, hypothyroidism, and cognitive dysfunction in older pets. Sterilization confers an increased susceptibility to infectious disease, and also a higher incidence of adverse reactions tovaccines.10
“Potential health problems associated with spaying and neutering have also been identified, including an increased risk of prostatic cancer in males; increased risks of bone cancer and hip dysplasia in large-breed dogs associated with sterilization before maturity; and increased incidences of obesity, diabetes, urinary tract infections, urinary incontinence, and hypothyroidism.” – http://www.dogs4dogs.com/blog/2015/02/03/spaying-and-neutering-new-warnings-about-health-problems/
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