31 Rare Cat and Dog Breeds You Probably Didn’t Know Exist

Almost everyone loves dogs and cats, this is the reason you can find at least one of the two in most households.

According to statistics, 47% of Americans have dogs and 37 percent have cats.

Which will make you think that you have probably seen all the dog and cat breeds out there, right?

Well, you are wrong, there are some rare cat breeds and rare dog breeds that haven’t been domesticated or would be domesticated soon enough

But knowing  them can help us better understand what needs to be done to save these amazing creatures.

1. Rusty-Spotted Cat

Rare cat breeds
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The rusty-spotted cat is one of the cat family’s smallest members and is found only in India and Sri Lanka.

2. Pallas’s Cat

Pallas's Cat
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The Pallas’s cat also called the manul, is a small wild cat with a broad but fragmented distribution in the grasslands and montane steppes of Central Asia.

3. Margay

Rare cat breeds
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The margay is a small cat native to Central and South America that is listed as Near Threatened by the IUCN since 2008 because remaining populations are thought to be declining due to loss of habitat following conversion of forests.

4. Chinese Mountain Cat

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The Chinese mountain cat is also known as the Chinese desert cat and the Chinese steppe cat is a wild cat of western China.

5. Fishing Cat

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The fishing cat is a medium-sized wild cat of South and Southeast Asia. Fishing cats live foremost in the vicinity of wetlands, along rivers, streams, oxbow lakes, in swamps and mangroves.

6. Sand Cat

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The sand cat also is known as the sand dune cat is the only cat living foremost in true deserts. This small cat is widely distributed in the deserts of North Africa and Southwest and Central Asia.

Sand cats are found in both sandy and stony desert, living in areas far from water. Having thickly furred feet, they are well adapted to the extremes of a desert environment and tolerant of extremely hot and cold temperatures.

7. Black-Footed Cat

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The black-footed cat, also called the small-spotted cat is the smallest African cat, and is endemic in the southwest arid zone of the southern African subregion.

8. Andean Mountain Cat

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The Andean mountain cat is a small wild cat native to the high Andes.

9. Bay Cat

Rare cat breeds
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The bay cat also is known as the Bornean cat, Bornean bay cat, or Bornean marbled cat, is a wild cat endemic to the island of Borneo that appears relatively rare compared to sympatric felids, based on the paucity of historical, as well as recent records.

10. Flat-Headed Cat

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The flat-headed cat is a small wild cat patchily distributed in the Thai-Malay Peninsula, Borneo, and Sumatra.

11. Caracal

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The caracal is a medium-sized wild cat that lives in Africa, the Middle East, Persia and the Indian subcontinent.

12. Kodkod

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The kodkod is the smallest cat in the Americas. It lives primarily in central and southern Chile and marginally in adjoining areas of Argentina.

13. Jaguarundi

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The jaguarundi or eyra cat (Puma yagouaroundi) is a small wild cat native to Central and South America.

14. Pampas Cat

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The Pampas cat is a small cat native to Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador,and possibly far southwestern Colombia. It is named after the pampas, but occurs in grassland, shrubland, and dry forest at elevations up to 5,000 m.

15. Canadian Lynx

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The Canada lynx or Canadian lynx is a North American mammal of the cat family, Felidae. With the recognized subspecies, it ranges across Canada and into Alaska as well as some parts of the northern United States.

16. Clouded Leopard

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The clouded leopard is a wildcat found from the Himalayan foothills through mainland Southeast Asia into China

17. Leopard Cat

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The leopard cat is a small wild cat native to South, Southeast, and East Asia.

18. Serval

Rare cat breeds
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The serval also known as the tierboskat, is a wild cat found in Africa.

19. Bush Dog

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20. Hoary Fox

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The hoary fox is a species of zorro or “false” fox endemic to Brazil. Unlike many other foxes, it feeds primarily on small invertebrates such as insects.

21. New Guinea Singing Dog

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The New Guinea singing dog is named for its unique vocalization.

22. Bat-Eared Fox

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The bat-eared fox is a species of fox found on the African savanna, named for its large ears,which are used for thermoregulation.

23. Raccoon Dog

Rare dog breeds
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The raccoon dog is a canid indigenous to East Asia. It is the only extant species in the genus Nyctereutes. It is considered a basal canid species, resembling ancestral forms of the family.

24. Ethiopian Wolf

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The Ethiopian wolf is a canid native to the Ethiopian Highlands. It is similar to the coyote in size and build and is distinguished by its long and narrow skull, and its red and white fur.

25. Darwin’s Fox

Rare dog breeds
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Darwin’s fox or Darwin’s Zorro is a small Endangered canine which lives on Nahuelbuta National Park (Araucanía Region), the Valdivian Coastal Range (Los Ríos Region) in mainland Chile and Chiloé Island.

26. Island Fox

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The island fox is a small fox that is native to six of the eight Channel Islands of California.

27. Culpeo

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The culpeo sometimes known as the zorro culpeo or Andean fox (wolf), is a South American species of fox. It is the second largest native canid on the continent, after the maned wolf. In appearance, it bears many similarities to the widely recognized red fox. It has grey and reddish fur, a white chin, reddish legs, and a stripe on its back that may be barely visible.

28. Dhole

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The dhole is a canid native to Central, South and Southeast Asia. Other English names for the species include Asiatic wild dog,Indian wild dog,whistling dog, red wolf (not to be confused with Canis rufus), red dog, and mountain wolf.

29. Painted Dog

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The African wild dog, African hunting dog, or African painted dog is a canid native to Sub-Saharan Africa.

30. Crab-Eating Fox

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The crab-eating fox is an extant species of medium-sized canid endemic to the central part of South America.

31.Maned Wolf

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The maned wolf is the largest canid of South America. Its markings resemble those of foxes, but it is not a fox, nor is it a wolf, as it is not closely related to other canids.

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